English Language Arts

Introduction to the NC Standard Course of Study for ELA

In April 2017, the North Carolina State Board of Education adopted new ELA standards for grades K-12. The Standard Course of Study describes what students should know, understand, and be able to do by the end of each grade level. How these standards are taught is decided at a district level.

The NC Standard Course of Study was developed based on feedback provided from the following: Parents • Community Members • Business/Industry Professionals • Higher Education Faculty • Educators (teachers, administrators, curriculum specialists)

The NC standards are divided into 4 strands: 
Reading Foundational Skills (K-5), Reading Literature, Reading Informational Text, Writing, Speaking and Listening and Language 

Click on the link below to open documents that highlight the ELA Common Core Standards for Second Grade and provide suggestions of how you can help your child at home:

Parent Guide for English Language Arts includes:
• an introduction to the NC English Language Arts Standard Course of Study
• an explanation of the skills your child is learning in second grade
• reading strategies for learning outside of school
• writing strategies for learning outside of school
• websites to support your child’s learning

Parent Guide ELA -2nd Grade                           en Espanol

Second Grade ELA Curriculum Overview

Reading Strand
K-12 Standards for Reading define what students should understand and be able to do by the end of each grade. Students should demonstrate their proficiency of these standards both orally and through writing. For students to be college and career ready, they must read from a wide range of high-quality, increasingly challenging literary and informational texts.

One of the key requirements of the Standards for Reading is that all students must be able to comprehend texts of steadily increasing complexity as they progress through school. Students should also acquire the habits of reading closely and independently for sustained periods of time. They need to connect prior knowledge and experiences to text. They must also show a steadily growing ability to discern more from and make fuller use of text. 

Reading Foundational Skills
The foundational skills are directed toward fostering students’ understanding and working knowledge of concepts of print, the alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions of the English writing system, including handwriting. These foundational skills are necessary and important components of an effective, comprehensive reading program designed to develop proficient readers with the capacity to comprehend texts across a range of types and disciplines.

A systematic approach to handwriting instruction (manuscript and cursive) in the elementary grades is essential for students to communicate their ideas clearly. To achieve handwriting proficiency, students need to apply their handwriting skills to authentic writing activities. Instruction in the foundational skills should be differentiated. The point is to teach students what they need to learn and not what they already know – to discern when particular children or activities warrant more or less attention. 

To be college and career ready, students should learn how to offer and support opinions/arguments, demonstrate understanding of a topic under study, and convey real and/or imagined experiences. Students learn that a key purpose of writing is to communicate clearly and coherently. The NC ELA Writing Standards emphasize the importance of writing routinely in order to build knowledge and demonstrate understanding. The complete writing process (from prewriting to editing) is clear in the first three writing standards. These standards define what students should understand and be able to do by the end of each grade. 

Speaking and Listening Strand
The K-12 Speaking and Listening Standards define what students should understand and be able to do by the end of each grade. To become college and career ready, teachers must provide students with ample opportunities to communicate their thinking orally through a variety of rich, structured conversations either in whole group or in small group settings, or with a partner. To be a productive part of these conversations, students need to contribute accurate information, respond and build on the ideas of others, use data and evidence effectively, and listen attentively to others. 

Language Strand
Language skills are inseparable from and vital to reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Even though these skills are in a separate strand, it is important for students to use effective and correct language skills in all contexts. The NC ELA Language Standards emphasize the use of accurate language skills, not just the identification of accurate language skills. The grammar and conventions Grade Band Continuums allow for differentiation and re-teaching as needed. It is important that students begin to demonstrate proficiency in the lower grade(s) of each band, while students in the highest grade of the band should demonstrate proficiency of the listed language skills by the end of the school year.

Resources for Learning Outside of School
At home, you play an important role in your student’s academic success. You are a valuable resource for your child. The websites provided below are not an all-inclusive list, but are intended to provide quality resources for you to support your child’s learning.

http://www.readingrockets.org/reading_research_guides_resources Research, guides, and resources for supporting reading

https://www2.ed.gov/parents/read/resources/edpicks.jhtml  Reading resources for parents.

This website supports parents as reading partners for their children; these resources help parents stay informed about early literacy.

• http://www.scholastic.com/parents/resources/article/developing-reading-skills/reading-tips-parents Reading tips for parents; 7 tips to keep reading exciting and enjoyable for children.

• https://www.education.com/guided-lessons/   Choose the grade and scroll down to reading to learn more about lessons your student can practice for mastery of a standard.

• http://www.readwritethink.org/parent-afterschool-resources/tips-howtos/help-child-choose-book-30320.html  Tips on how to help children choose a book.

NCDPI ELA Parent page.